The Berkey manufacturer has filed a lawsuit against the EPA seeking to stop it's unjustified persecution of Berkey Water Filters based on the EPA’s decision this year to treat Berkey Water Filters as though they are pesticides, rather than water filters. The EPA has already ordered the closure of Berkey's largest warehouse. Please see our blog post for the details.

Gravity Water Filter/Purifier Performance Comparison Chart

The table below compares the Berkey water purification system with other well-known gravity water filtration systems.

Berkey Europe
Big Berkey
Pro Pur
Pro Big
Aqua Rain
Model 400
Virus Removal (A)NoNoNoNoNoNo
Element RatingFilterFilterFilterFilterFilterFilter
Max. Daily Output (ltr./day)386834534591
Max. Daily Output -Max.# Elements956870769191
Approx. People Served (B)654566
Maximum litres/element2025(C)2025(C,D)5678(E)2025(C)4145(F)2763(G)
Replacement Time Limitation6 Months(C)2 Years(C,D)12 Months(E)6 Months(C)1 Year(F)Up to 6 Months
Maximum Element Capacity534443
Food Color Test (H)FailFailPassFailFailFail
Turbidity Flow Rate Test (I)PassPassPassPassFailPass
Test Results AvailableYesYesNoYesYesYes
Tested to NSF StandardsYesYesYesYesYesYes
NSF Certified ClaimedNoNoYes(J)NoNoNo
GuaranteeNone Published1 year Ltd.2 yearNone PublishedNone PublishedNone Published
System MaterialHDPECeramicStainlessAISI 304 StainlessStainlessSilicone
System ProductionMoldedKilnDeep DrawnPlasma WeldDeep DrawnMolded
Other Information
Element CompositionCeramic/CarbonCeramic/CarbonCeramic/CarbonCeramic/CarbonCeramic/CarbonCeramic/Carbon
Number of Elements232223
Element Height17.8 cm.12.7 cm.22.8 cm.17.8 cm.22.8 cm.26.4 cm.
Elements CleanableYesYesYesYesYesYes
Storage Tank Capacity (litres)13.25Not Stated10.48.511.39.8
Electricity RequiredNoYesNoNoNoNo
Plumbing RequiredNoNoNoNoNoNo
Post FiltersYesYesYesYesNoNo
Height72.4 cm.44.4 cm.54.6 cm.48.9 cm.52 cm.45.7 cm. 
Diameter28.6 cm.27.9 cm.23.5 cm.21.6 cm.27.9 cm.27.9 cm.
Dry Weight (Approx.)2.27 kg.11.8 kg.2.26 kg.2.5 kg.3.18 kg.2.95 kg.
  1. Purification Standards: Element must remove/inactivate all types of pathogenic organisms. Specifically, element must remove two species of virus to 4 Log10 (=> 99.99%) and remove pathogenic bacteria to 6 Log10 (=> 99.9999%) and remove cysts to 3 Log10 (=> 99.9%). This makes Berkey systems the only true gravity fed purification systems.

    Purification Challenge: The Standard has selected 3 types of challenge organisms: Bacteria (Klebsiella terrigena), Viruses (Polio and Rota) and Protozoan Cysts (Giardia or Cryptosporidium).

    Virology - Demonstration of a 4 Log10 (99.99%) reduction is required on the combined polio/rota virus challenge matrix.

    Bacteriology - Demonstration of a 6 Log10 (99.9999%) reduction is required for the Klebsiella terrigena bacterial challenge.

    Cyst Removal - Demonstration of a 3 Log10 (99.9%) reduction is required for the cysts using Cryptosporidium or Giardia.
  2. Number based on 7.6 litres per day per person, system used 12 hours per day.
  3. Aqua Crock, Doulton GSS-2, Ceragrav LP-5 all use Doulton Filter Elements - life expectancy is 1987 litres or 6 months, whichever occurs first.
  4. Claim made is 2 years or 11,350 litres; while the manufacturer of their Doulton filter elements states the life expectancy is 1987 litres or 6 months whichever occurs first.
  5. While the company claims their elements will last for 11,350 litres on their comparison chart, we used the claims of the manufacturer, which state that the life of the elements is only 5,678 litres or 12 months whichever occurs first.
  6. Calculation based on each element producing 11.3 litres when used for 12 hours per day during 365 day maximum recommended time limitation.
  7. Calculation based on each element producing 45 litres if used for 12 hours per day during 182 day maximum recommended time limitation.
  8. Successfully demonstrates removal of microscopic red food colouring particulate from source water at 1 tablespoon of red food colouring per 4 litres.
  9. Test is designed to determine if high turbidity (larger particulate) source water will clog up elements which may render them ineffective during actual emergency conditions. 1 tbsp carbon dust per 4 litres. Flow rate reduction of <25%=Pass, >25%=Fail.
  10. NSF Claims: No listing on NSF website as of publication date. NSF has confirmed that ProPur has not been certified by their organization


Where information was available and published, this information was used. Where information was not available, information was calculated, such as in F and G above, using the available published information. Where published information on systems was in conflict with the published information by the manufacturer, such as in C, D, and E above, items are highlighted in orange.

Data is based on manufacturer's life expectancy claims rather than the claims of the manufacturer's customer. Information collected from websites, corporate literature, internal testing and outside independent sources is believed to be accurate at time of publication. Neither this chart nor it's producer assume any liability, implied, expressed or assumed.

There are other gravity fed filter systems that claim they are not to be used with microbiologically unsafe or questionable water. We chose not to include those systems in this comparison chart.